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孔子的社会理想——天下有道

2017年11期

颜世安

  摘 要 讨论孔子的社会理想,主要依据当是《论语》。从《论语》看,孔子所说的道应该是代表他心目中的社会理想。孔子的理想社会是天下有道,可以说是一个和谐有序的社会,但更深的关切是在人的品德,是期待一个有美德的社会。“天下有道”的社会理想如何能实现,要从人类群体的实际情况出发。孔子的想法是君子承担责任,改造社会,引导民众,而不是在糟糕的社会环境下教育民众。

  关键词 孔子 《论语》 天下有道 品德 君子

  分类号 B222.2

  DOI 10.16810/j.cnki.1672-514X.2017.11.002

The Ideal of Confucius’ Social Politics: Tao Could Be Found Everywhere

Yan Shian

  Abstract The Analects of Confucius is the key to understand Confucius’ theories of social politics. From this book, Confucius’ Tao could be explained as an social ideal. The ideal society of Confucius is that Tao could be found everywhere, which is a harmonious and orderly society while morality could be deeply concerned. To realize this social ideal, Confucius’ proposition formed according to the real situations of social groups was that the scholars should be responsible for refining society and leading people rather than educating people under the bad social circumstances.

  Keywords Confucius. The Analects of Confucius. Tao could be found everywhere. Morality. Scholars.

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