On Devotion to Goodness and the Chinese Nation’s Pursuit of Faith：An Intensive Study and Reading of Thoughts of Mencius
Abstract Mencius’ theory of human nature is none other than that of the unified virtues of heaven-human according to his advocacy of idea that man is born with goodness and heaven is created with goodness. Mencius argues that self-cultivation hinges on more attention paid to goodness and fewer done to desires, and further stresses the importance of self-reflection of failures. The theory of goodness seeking and desirability constitutes the Mencius’ theory of being good. The details of human’s goodness can be seen in the paragon behaviors illustrated and regulated by Mencius. His value orientation describes that one should devote himself to goodness even at cost of life, which is demonstrated by his discourse on the thoughts of life for justice and the invincible government by benevolence. The idea of benevolence and love that is representative of the theory of all minds for goodness, is bestowed to people by Mencius as a guide of pursuit of faith. The concept of way in Mencius will brighten the present-day and future China and world with its timeless, borderless, and everlasting charm.
Keywords Mencius. Nature. Human nature. Inherent goodness. Intention. Goodness seeking.