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《三国演义》应作如是观*——兼论战争与人性

2014年8期

徐小跃

  摘  《三国演义》是一部描写战争的长篇历史小说。战争与人性关系紧密。战争爆发的原因最后要归属于人性。人性的多样性和丰富性在战争中显露无遗。因此之故,站在人性的角度来阅读和品味战争题材的《三国演义》自然地成为一个非常好的切入点。战争会使人之为人的本性扭曲和异化,作为集权术、心术、诡辩术、阴谋术、心计、鬼计之“大全”的《三国演义》将此淋漓尽致地表现出来。什么样的人性应该唾弃,什么样的人性需要弘扬,这是我们阅读任何堪称经典名著时所要最后落实的地方,《三国演义》亦应作如是观。

  关键词 《三国演义》 战争  人性  真诚

  分类号 G252.1 I207.413

  My View on Reading of The Romance of Three KingdomsWith Discussion of War and Humanity

  Xu Xiaoyue

  Abstract The Romance of Three Kingdoms is a novel about war. War is closely related to humanity whose diversity and richness is made evident in the course of war. Thus the outbreak of war is usually ascribed to humanity. It follows logically that we should begin our reading of the novel with consideration of humanity. The novel, complete with political trickery, telepathy, sophistry and conspiracy, gives a thorough description of the distortion and alienation of innate humanity caused by war . As a result, for all that is called classics, we should make certain what kind of human nature we need to discard and what need to advocate after reading them, and therefore the same also applies to the novel The Romance of Three Kingdoms.

  Keywords The Romance of Three Kingdoms. War. Humanity. Sincerity.

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