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“无神”是中华优秀传统文化的重要特征和中华民族最深沉的精神追求
——兼论中国哲学的心性之学与天人之学
2014年1期

徐小跃

  摘 中华传统文化重“明心性”的价值取向和主“一天人”的思维方式皆是以“无神”为其本质特征的。构成中华传统文化主体的儒道佛,尤其是儒道两家对“上帝”与“鬼神”所采取的态度以及儒家的“人事为本”与道家的“自然为本”的思想,其实质亦皆是取向“无神”的。中国无神论所昭示的“人文”“有为”“创造”“自由”诸精神是中华传统文化的优秀精神,并最终成中华民族千古以来一以贯之的精神追求。无神的人文精神终将能够成为中华文化新的辉煌再造的基础。

  关键词 无神 人文 中华文化 心性之学 天人之学

  分类号 B2

  On Atheism Deeply Rooted in Brilliant Chinese Traditional Culture and Chinese Spiritual PursuitWith Discussion on Chinese Philosophy of Mind-consciousness and Nature-human

  Xu Xiaoyue

  Abstract Chinese traditional culture bases its value-orientations and way of thinking on the idea of "instinctual inherent intuition" and of "harmony between human and nature", which is basically characterized by atheism. Confucius, Taoism and Buddhism, as the major constituent of Chinese traditional culture, also feature atheism in essence, especially when it comes to Confucius and Taoism, including their attitudes to god and ghost, and Confucius' idea of "human-orientation", and Taoism idea of "imitation of nature". Chinese atheism reveals to us the "humanity", "action","creativity", "freedom", showing the brilliant spirit of Chinese traditional culture which is expected to be relentlessly pursued by Chinese forever. The humanity spirit in atheism is believed to be capable of providing a basis for the rejuvenation of outstanding Chinese culture at last.

  Keywords Atheism. Humanity. Chinese culture. Xin-xing Zhi Xuemind-consciousness philosophy). Tian-ren Zhi Xue (nature-human philosophy).

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