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历史上的宋江和宋江起义军

2013年2期

振(南京师范大学历史系)

  【摘 要】 宣和元年,宋江起义于河朔,只有三十六人,南下京东、淮南,已达一二百人。三年春,折向东北,被沭阳县尉率近百名土兵击败,损失二十人后转向海州。四月,被知州张叔夜击败受招安。同年,征方腊宋军中有宋江,应是同名,南宋严谨的学者王稱(《东都事略》)、周密(《癸辛杂识》)都认为与起义的宋江无关。1939年出土碑文有征方腊后捕获草寇宋江,也与起义的宋江无关。
  
【关键词】 宋江;张叔夜;起义;招安;征方腊

  【Abstracts Song Jiang' revolt began with only 36 people in Heshuo in the first year of Xuanhe Reign (AD 1119), and then grew to nearly 200 people when spreading southward into Jingdong and Huainan. In the spring of 1121, they turned northeast, and were defeated with the loss of 20 people by a troop of 100 soldiers led by an officer of Shuyang county, and then were forced to drift to Haizhou, and were again de-feated by Zhang Shuye and finally received amnesty from the emperor in April. According to Wang Chen and Zhou Mi, scholars of the Southern Sung, there is nothing to do with Song Jiang who joined the punitive expedition against Fang La in the same year, which is further evidenced by the unearthed inscription of 1939, saying “the bandit Song Jiang was captured after the punitive expedition against Fang La”.
  
Keywords Song JiangZhang ShuyeUprisingAmnestyPunitive expedition against Fang La

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