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国学研究:赵生群  《史记》:历史的长城


http://www.jslib.org.cn   2018-12-18 16:02:00  《新世纪图书馆》2018年第7期第9-11页  

 

       南京师范大学

      《史记》是纪传之祖,是真正的“人的历史”,它从先秦史传以事为中心转向以人为中心。《史记》是百科全书式的巨著,是一部社会史,突破了偏重政治的局限。《史记》记事在历时性和共时性方面均有突破,它纵贯2000多年,系统记载了各国之事。《史记》不仅是世界历史的重要组成部分,而且具有世界史的格局。《史记》是一部有灵魂的历史,目的在于究天人之际,通古今之变,成一家之言;述往事,思来者。

 

  关键词  《史记》  纪传体  社会史  司马迁

 

  分类号  G256

 

  DOI  10.16810/j.cnki.1672-514X.2018.07.002

 

Shih Chi: The Great Wall of History

 

Zhao Shengqun

 

  Abstract  Shih Chi is the ancestor of Chinese biographic history, which has transformed from the event centered narrative to the people centered narrative. It is an encyclopedic masterpiece, which break through the restriction of politics as a sociological history. It diachronically goes through the history of more than 2000 years, and synchronically goes across the events in all the states. It is not only an important part of the global history of its time, but also with a perspective of the world history. It is a history with spirit, which formulates his own theory in the course of a thorough understanding of the historical vicissitudes by an investigation into the interrelation between heaven and human, inherits the past, inspires the future.

 

  Keywords  Shih Chi. Biographic. Sociological history. Sima Qian.

   

                                                                                                                                               

 

 




 
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