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国学研究:刘瑾辉  心善 倡善 求善


http://www.jslib.org.cn   2015-12-23 16:02:00  《新世纪图书馆》2015年6期第9-11,13页  

 

  【机构】 扬州大学文学院

  摘 要 孟子以“四端”言人性善,具有以性统心,以心显性特点。陆九渊、王阳明进一步发展了孟子心性之学,认为心即性,性即心,认为人一念向善,心存良知,故人心向善,人具善念。善是孟子思想的基石,孟子的政治、哲学、伦理、教育、文艺思想的支点均为善。儒、释、道共同倡善;荀子强调抑恶从善;法家主张惩恶扬善;墨家倡平等之爱,善待生命;兵家坚持执中守正,以战逼和,不战而屈人之兵。善一直是中华民族的信仰与追求。

  关键词 心善 性善 倡善 求善

  分类号 B222.5

  Goodness in Mind, Advocate Goodness, Pursuit Goodness

  Liu Jinhui

  Abstract Mencius use Four Benevolent Souls to explain the Goodness of Human Nature which has the features of human nature controls the mind and the mind reveals human nature. Lu Jiuyuan and Wang Yangming let Mencius’ thoughts of mentality goes further. They believe that human nature and mind are the same. They still believe that human beings who have the tendency toward goodness also have innate knowledge. That are the reasons that human beings have goodness in their minds. Goodness is the basic of Mencius’ theory. Mencius’ political, philosophy, ethic, education and literary theories are based on Goodness. Confucianism Buddhism and Taoism advocate goodness; Xun Zi emphasizes to abandon badness so as to chase for goodness; the Legalist School insists to punish badness and encourage goodness; Mohist advocates love should regardless of rank and treasure life; the Militarist School insists to be impartial and to keep the world peace with a battle even to win wihout a battle. Goodness has always been the faith and pursuit of our nation.

  Keywords Goodness in mind. Goodness in nature. Advocate Goodness. Pursuit Goodness.                                          




 
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