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国学研究:张奇伟  孟子论善


http://www.jslib.org.cn   2015-12-23 15:58:00  《新世纪图书馆》2015年6期第5-8页  

 

  【机构】 北京师范大学哲学与社会学学院; 北京师范大学图书馆

  摘 要 善是孟子思想的核心,孟子的学说亦可以称之谓“求善之学”。何为善?孟子言之“可欲之谓善”,一语道破善的本质内涵。善从何处而来,孟子言之“性善”,从人之所以为人、从人之本初寻找善的依据。孟子把“仁义”归结为善的内涵,仁宅义路道出道德之善的内在结构。推恩扩充而达至仁政是善之实现之一径——外王,尽心存养而完善人格是善之实现之另一径——内圣。

  关键词 孟子 善 仁义 推恩 完善人格

  分类号 G256

  Mencius' Theory of Goodness

  Zhang Qiwei

  Abstract Goodness is the main idea of Mencius thought. Mencius said the thing which was worth pursuing could be seem as goodness. This remark pointed out the nature of goodness. Where did goodness form? Human nature was good which said by Mencius originated from why human were human and the original of human. Mencius believed Renyi which was the internal composition of goodness. There were two ways to realize goodness ,one was pushing kindheartedness to all of the people the other was persistent self-improvement.

  Keywords Mencius. Goodness. Renyi. Pushing kindheartedness. Persistent self-improvement.                          




 
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