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“四部”释义:对古籍整理中一个常见错误的辨正*


http://www.jslib.org.cn   2014-06-09 15:19:00  来源:《新世纪图书馆》2014年4期第65-67页  

 

葛志伟

  摘 要 在中国目录学史上,晋人荀勖始创图书四部分类法,此已为学界所共知。但在此法发明之前,“四部”一词在之前文献中已多次出现,并始终与“五经”连称,构成“五经四部”这一专有名词。可见这两个“四部”在内涵上并不一致。此处所谓“四部”,当是指汉代六艺中乐、《论语》、《孝经》、小学四类书籍。然而在当前的古籍整理中,学者们却习惯于用荀勖所分之四部书籍来解释它。这事实上是一种误解,兹予以辨正。

  关键词 四部 古籍整理 注释 辨误

  分类号 G257

  "Four Types": The Correction of a Common Mistake on the Ancient Books’ Arrangement

  Ge Zhiwei

  Abstract In the history of Chinese bibliography, Xun Xu, who lived in Xi-Jin Dynasty, founded Four- parts Categorization, and now this has been known to academics. But before the invention of Xun Xu, "Four-parts" had appeared many times in the early literature, and were always together with "Five Classics", which formed a term of "Five Classics and four parts". The two "four" in the connotation is not consistent. Here the so-called "four" refers to the six arts of Han Dynasty, that is music, The Analects, The Sutra of Filial Piety, primary four books. However, now in the ancient book's arrangement, scholars are accustomed to using four books of Xun Xu’s classification. This is actually a misunderstanding and need to be corrected.

  Keywords Four parts. Ancient books’ arrangement. Note. Correct.          




 
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