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顾炎武《金石文字记》治学方法论


http://www.jslib.org.cn   2014-05-13 11:22:00  来源:《新世纪图书馆》2011年8期第77-81页  

 

许 丹

  【摘 要】 顾炎武的《金石文字记》一书奠定了他在清代金石学研究中的开山地位。论文主要从四个方面分析此书所采用的治学方法,无论是实地考察、旁搜博采还是博证精辨、严谨笃实,无论是举例比较、归纳演绎还是信古阙疑、独立创新,皆为顾炎武在此书中综合运用的科学方法,构成其金石学研究中完整的治学方法体系,此法受到乾嘉学派高度推崇,奠定了乾嘉考据学派的方法基础。
  【关键词】 顾炎武;《金石文字记》;治学方法

  【Abstracts】 As the first person in Qing Dynasty academic, Gu Yanwu adopted the scientific method of studying which was inherited by later scholars. By writing the works Jin Shi Wen Zi Ji, he established his fame as the ground-breaking authority of epigraphy in Qing Dy-nasty. This paper points out Gu Yanwu applied a comprehensive scientific way including four aspects to study the materials by means of field research, sampling, questioning, comparisons, induction, deduction and innovation, which constitute a complete methodology extolled and learned by Qianjia School.
  【Keywords】 Gu Yanwu;Jin Shi Wen Zi Ji;Research methods




 
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