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国学研究:董 平  齐物与逍遥


http://www.jslib.org.cn   2017-12-25 11:16:00  《新世纪图书馆》2015年第8期第5-8页  

 

  机 构 浙江大学中国思想研究所 浙江大学佛教文化研究中心
  摘 要 庄子既与儒家不同,也与老子不同。庄子基于人生之现实境况的基本生存论考察,而洞达了个体生命本身所内涵的一种巨大张力:以道为本原的宇宙生命的存在及其展开历程的无限性,以及个体生命存在及其过程的极端有限性。如何消解这一巨大张力,成为庄子哲学建构的核心问题。庄子要求实现“视域转移”,以道观物,则万物呈现其性相一如的普遍平等,是为“齐物”。由此“视域转移”所实现的生命境界的转换,则是全新的、无限的、无滞的、自由的,是为“逍遥”。齐物而逍遥,庄子不仅实现了个体生命向道的无限性境界的转进,而且基于现象生命的超越,同时实现了向艺术生命的转换。
  关键词  庄子 齐物 逍遥 生命哲学 视域转移
  分类号  G256

  The Equality of Things and Carefree Doctrine

  Dong Ping

  Abstract Zhuang Zi is different to both Confucianism and Lao Zi. Zhuang Zi realizes the huge tention of individual life based on human’s current state, which is the unlimitedness of Dao and the extreme finiteness of human life. How to overcome this tention is the core problem of Zhuang’s philosophy concept. Zhuang Zi raises the view of vision transferring, which sees everything on the world from Dao and everyting is equal. That is the equality of things. People can attain the state of life which is new, unlimitedness, unimpede and free by vision transferring and this is carefree. Zhuang Zi not only realizes the transition of individual life to unlimitedness of Dao but also the transition to art life by surpassing the appearance life.

  Keywords Zhuang Zi. Equality of things. Carefree. Life philosophy. Vision transferring.




 
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